McKinney-Vento Homeless Act

Homelessness is a lack of permanent housing resulting from extreme poverty, or, in the case of unaccompanied youth, the lack of a safe and stable living environment.

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McKinney-Vento Act

TheMcKinney-Vento Act is a federal law passed nearly 14 years ago to help people experiencing homelessness. Part of the law protects the rights of children and youth who are homeless, enabling them to go to school. According to the McKinney-Vento Act the term "homeless children and youth" means individuals who lack a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence


Who Are The Homeless?

Anyone who, due to a lack of housing, lives:

  • In a shelter
  • In a motel
  • In a vehicle
  • In a campground
  • On the street
  • Doubled up with relatives or friends

Homeless Students Rights:

Every homeless student has the right to...

  • Go to school no matter where they live or how long they've lived there.
  • Continue in the school they attended before becoming homeless or the school they last attended.
  • Receive transportation to the school they attended before becoming homeless or the school they last attended, if it is feasible and in the best interest of the child.
  • Attend school and participate in school programs with children who are not homeless.
  • Enroll in school without giving a permanent address.
  • Enroll and attend classes while the school arranges for the transfer of school and immunization records or any other documents required for enrollment.
  • Enroll and attend classes in the school of choice even while the school and parent/guardian seek to resolve a dispute over enrollment.
  • Participate in special programs and receive school services as needed


National Center for Homeless Education

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